Monday, 20 July 2015

The Curse of Ham

Young believed the curse remained in people with even a single black ancestor.

Ham (son of Noah) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

While Genesis 9 never says that Ham was black, he became associated with black skin, through folk etymology deriving his name from a similar, but actually unconnected, word meaning "dark" or "brown". In addition, based on his interpretation of the Book of Abraham, Brigham Young believed that, as a result of this curse, negroes were banned from the Mormon priesthood. Although the Talmud refers only to Ham, the version brought in a midrash goes on further to say "Ham, that Cush came from him" in reference to the blackness, that the curse did not apply to all of Ham but only to his eldest son Cush, Cush being a sub-Saharan African. Kimball said he received a revelation that extended the priesthood to all worthy male members of the church without regard to race or color. 9:20–27). Thus, two distinct traditions existed, one explaining dark skin as the result of a curse on Ham, the other explaining slavery by the separate curse on Canaan.

Curse of Ham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Curse of Ham is a misnomer for the curse upon Canaan that was imposed by the biblical patriarch Noah. In 1978, LDS Church president Spencer W. It is related in the Book of Genesis 9:20-27.

Benozzo Gozzoli - Scenes from the Old and New Testaments

After the death of Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) taught that black Africans were under the curse of Ham, although the day would come when the curse would be nullified through the saving powers of Jesus Christ. The narrative occurs in the Book of Genesis and concerns Noah's drunkenness and the accompanying shameful act perpetrated by his son Ham the father of Canaan (Gen. 768), Masudi (tenth century) and Dimashqui (thirteenth century). Some biblical scholars claim that when a curse is made by a man, it could only have been effective if God supports it, unlike the curse of Ham and his descendants, which was not confirmed by God or, at least, it is not mentioned in the Bible that he had confirmed it.

The Curse of Ham (also called the curse of Canaan) refers to the curse that Ham's father, Noah, placed upon Ham's youngest son, Canaan, after Ham "saw his father's nakedness" because of drunkenness in Noah's tent. In their teaching the curse was leprosy, which in its extreme form whitened the skins of the Canaanites.

However, Ibn Khaldun disputed this story, pointing out that the Torah makes no reference to the curse being related to skin color and arguing that differences in human pigmentation are caused entirely by climate. At the moment of the curse, Canaan’s body became black and the blackness spread out among them.”

The Nuwaubians, and certain Black Hebrew Israelite sects such as Yahweh Ben Yahweh, reversed the typical racial slant of the curse of Ham. The controversies raised by this story regarding the nature of Ham's transgression, and the question of why Noah cursed Canaan when Ham had sinned, have been debated for over two thousand years.

The Book of Jubilees also recounts the incident between Ham and Noah, and Noah's resulting curse against Canaan, in similar terms. Young also taught that the day would come when the curse would be nullified through the saving powers of Jesus Christ.

In addition, based on his interpretation of the Book of Abraham, Young also believed that as a result of this curse, modern people of African descent were banned from receiving the Priesthood (although they were allowed to join the Church). Ham appears as the recipient of the curse so regularly that the only Arabic author Gerhard Rotter could find who specifically limits the curse to Canaan is Yaqubi (d. Later, however, Jubilees explains further that Noah had allocated Canaan a land west of the Nile along with his brothers, but that he violated this agreement and instead chose to squat in the land delineated to Shem (and later Abraham), and so rightly deserved the curse of slavery.

Just as in Jewish and Christian sources, so too in Islamic sources do we find that it was not Canaan who was cursed with slavery, but Ham instead of or in addition to Canaan. 1043): “The curse of Noah affected the posterity of Canaan who were killed by Joshua son of Nun. So, for example, Tabari (d. In all others the descendants of Ham were enslaved. 923), quoting Ibn Isaq (d. Ahmad Baba agreed with this view, rejecting any racial interpretation of the curse.

After the death of Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, the church's second president, taught that people of African ancestry were under the curse of Ham. The next stage are certain fables according to ancient Jewish traditions. According to one legend preserved in the Babylonian Talmud, God cursed Ham because he broke a prohibition on sex aboard the ark and "was smitten in his skin"; according to another, Noah cursed him because he castrated his father. It is noteworthy that the curse was made by Noah, not by God. ca 900). The LDS church has since denounced the curse of Ham explanation for withholding the priesthood from blacks.

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