Monday, 20 July 2015

The Covenant of Abram

I will set up my covenant with you and your descendants after you in every generation as an enduring covenant. And I will be their God.”

The covenant found in Genesis 12-17 is known as the Brit bein HaBetarim, the "Covenant Between the Parts" in Hebrew, and is the basis for brit milah (covenant of circumcision) in Judaism. His original name, 'Abram', meaning 'exalted father', becomes 'Abraham', 'father of many'.

Abraham and the Covenant of Circumcision

Christians see Jesus as the mediator of this New Covenant, and that his blood, shed at his crucifixion is the required blood of the covenant: as with all covenants between God and man described in the Bible, the New Covenant is considered "a bond in blood sovereignly administered by God." It has been theorized that the New Covenant is the Law of Christ as spoken during his Sermon on the Mount.

Abraham on Pinterest | Word Clouds, Genealogy Chart and Quick View ...

A biblical covenant is a religious covenant that is described in the Bible. 8 I will give you and your descendants the land in which you are immigrants, the whole land of Canaan, as an enduring possession. In Hebrew, the verb meaning to seal a covenant translates literally as "to cut". 9:15). If he accepts that challenge, Abram is to be blessed with a special relationship with G-d throughout his lifetime and his descendants, too, will be slated for greatness. 6 I will make you very fertile. 17 When Abram was 99 years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am El Shaddai. Jesus Himself is the Mediator of this better covenant between God and man (Heb. The Abraham covenant is part of a tradition of covenantal sacrifices, which dates back to the third millennium B.C. The concept of a covenant between God and His people is one of the central themes of the Bible. In many of our most soul-searching moments, we beseech God to "remember the covenant of Abraham." What exactly is this covenant of Abraham, and why does it play such a critical role in our spiritual self-definition?

Covenants in biblical times were often sealed by severing an animal, with the implication that the party who breaks the covenant will suffer a similar fate. A connection between the Blood of Christ and the New Covenant is seen in most modern English translations of the New Testament with the saying: "this cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood".

Gospel Principles Chapter 15: The Lord's Covenant People

Jewish liturgy is replete with references to the Covenant of Abraham. The covenant in Genesis XV preserve the sacrificial element alongside the symbolic act. All Abrahamic religions consider biblical covenants important. In the covenant with Abraham in Genesis XV, it is God who is the suzerain who commits himself and swears to keep the promise. I will produce nations from you, and kings will come from you. Walk with me and be trustworthy. There are many similarities between Genesis XV and the Abba-El deed. I will be your God and your descendants’ God after you. In the Biblical sense, a covenant implies much more than a contract or a simple agreement between two parties.

The death of Christ ushered in the new covenant under which we are justified by God's grace and mercy -- it is now possible to have the true forgiveness of sins. Also the oaths in both involve a situation where the inferior party is delivering the animals while the superior swears the oath. The animals that are slaughtered in the covenant in Genesis XV are considered a sacrificial offering. G-d instructs him to leave behind all that he knows and to go to "the Land which I will show you". It is the obligation of the master to his servant and involves gifts given to individuals who were loyal serving their masters. In the covenant with Abraham, Abraham is promised land because he obeyed God and followed his directions. It is presumed by Jewish scholars that the removal of the foreskin symbolically represents such a sealing of the covenant.

In form, a covenant is an agreement between two people and involves promises on the part of each to the other. Genesis XV and similarly in the Abba-El deed it is the superior party who places himself under oath. Jesus' sacrificial death served as the oath, or pledge, which God made to us to seal this new covenant.

According to Weinfeld, the Abraham covenant represents a covenant of grant, which binds the suzerain. 5 And because I have made you the ancestor of many nations, your name will no longer be Abram but Abraham. The covenant was for Abraham and his seed, or offspring, both of natural birth and adoption.

In Chapter 12, Abram becomes the central character of the narrative. In the Book of Jeremiah, verses 31:30-33 predict "a new covenant" that God will establish with Israel and Judah.

4 “As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you,And you will be the father of a multitude of nations.5 “No longer shall your name be called Abram,But your name shall be Abraham;For I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.

Generally, Christians believe that the New Covenant was instituted at the Last Supper as part of the Eucharist, which in the Gospel of John includes the New Commandment. Of the covenants found in the Pentateuch or Torah, the Noahic Covenant is unique in applying to all humanity, while the other covenants are principally agreements made between God and the biblical Israelites. In the covenant there are procedures of taking the oath, which involve a smoking oven and a blazing torch. 2 I will make a covenant between us and I will give you many, many descendants.” 3 Abram fell on his face, and God said to him, 4 “But me, my covenant is with you; you will be the ancestor of many nations.

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